The rise of antimicrobial resistance

From the time Alexander Fleming discovered the Penicillium mould which produced penicillin to kill bacteria in 1928, many more antibiotics have been commercially produced to fight off many bacterial infections. However, many of the microorganisms are now antimicrobial resistant (AMR). WHO defined AMR as "the microorganism's resistance to an antimicrobial drug that was once able … Continue reading The rise of antimicrobial resistance

Microbes found in the International Space Station (ISS)

Microbes have been studied for a long time. They are said to be ubiquitous, meaning they can be found everywhere. We restricted this knowledge only in the Earth's environment. However in 2014, Russian cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov discovered bacteria from samples swabbed from the outside surfaces of ISS. There were no bacteria when the ISS was … Continue reading Microbes found in the International Space Station (ISS)